India’s space organization, ISRO has unveiled a spacecraft, which it intends to deploy next month for a successful landing on the lunar surface by early September. This will mark a successful run for ISRO. India will then join an elite club of countries that have space agencies advanced enough to have achieved soft landing abilities for its equipment on lunar surfaces. Only China, the USA, and the erstwhile Soviet Union have ever displayed such capabilities.
This will also be India’s 2nd lunar mission. It will be named Chandrayyan-2, which follows in the footsteps of Chandrayaan-1. Chandrayaan-1 was the country’s first lunar-based mission. It was launched way back in 2008. It was, however, only an orbiter device and not capable of landing on a lunar surface. It stayed in orbit around the sun and sent back data from the moon about its composition and other facts to its handlers.
This current mission will have its primary focus on Moon’s surface conditions. Data about rock, water and minerals will be gathered and transmitted back to its ISRO center where scientists will further analyze them. The new Chandrayaan-2 mission will comprise of a rover, a lander and an orbiter for various purposes. This way, an all-around perspective of the lunar surface can be obtained.
ISRO lab photos have shown several photos of this spacecraft. Scientists are currently busy in getting the craft ready for deployment to the moon and make it a successful mission. The rover and lander are scheduled to land on the Moon’s South Pole by September, as per the current plan. Successfully pulling off this feat would make it the first spacecraft to have ever landed in this region on the moon.
The rover would operate for around 14 days, working on lunar surfaces, as per K Sivan, the current ISRO chairperson, in an interview to TOI newspaper. He stated that the rover would be responsible for analyzing lunar surface contents and transmit acquired images and data back to Earth.