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Babies With Autism May Be Less Capable To Distinguish Among Speech Patterns

A new research by researchers at Columbia University discovered that babies at high risk for autism were less adjusted to differences in patterns of speech than low-risk babies. The results recommend that interferences to enhance language skills must start at the time of infancy for those at high danger for autism. The results were posted in Brain and Language.

“Humans are born with an amazing capability of differentiating basic sound units that make up all of the languages all over the world,” claimed assistant professor at the Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons for clinical psychology, Kristina Denisova, to the media in an interview. “But why some babies at high familial danger for autism spectrum disease are less probable to get their language-based capability in toddlerhood has stayed secrecy.”

Earlier, Denisova displayed that high-risk babies (those who had a sibling suffering from autism) were less probable to turn their heads in reaction to spoken language as compared to typically growing babies. Denisova claims that his group dissociated between head movements in babies at low vs. high familial danger for growing autism and identified the signal of future atypical growth as early as 1–2 Months post birth.”

On a related note, in typical growth, both parents and infants flexibly employ non-verbal and verbal behaviors to establish recurrent episodes of joint attention, such as when a child follows gaze of her parent to look in the sky at a plane. A new research posted in Biological Psychiatry demonstrates that babies who are later detected with autism respond sufficiently when others beginning joint attention, but hardly ever actively look to establish such episodes themselves. This result offers support for the opinion that kids with autism have lowered social motivation already as babies. In the new research, the scientists probed joint attention skills in infants as old as 10 Months.