About 2,600 years ago, the Earth was hit by a massive solar storm, which was 10 times stronger than the solar storm that has recorded till date. It was found that in the former days the Earth used to experience such explosions on a regular basis causing complete destruction after hitting our planet. Sun is an important factor for life on Earth as it is an important source of light and means for electricity generation. Earth has been experiencing the Sun’s bombardment with high energy particles known as solar proton events for centuries. These protons can hamper not only the humans but also electronics present in air and space.
When the proton enters the Earth’s magnetosphere then the electrically charged particles are trapped by the Earth due to the magnetic field effect. The solar storm that hampers the planet’s magnetosphere is known as the geomagnetic storm that can completely destroy the power grids on the planet. In 1989, a solar outburst had got the total Canadian province of Quebec blacked out within seconds, also destructing transformers in New Jersey, and almost shutting down the US power grids between the mid-Atlantic and the Pacific Northwest. The scientists have been analyzing the solar storms for long as till date the estimation of power and its occurrence frequency has not been calculated.
In the present state, these events can cause a lot of damage as we travel both in space and air plus the amount of infrastructure present is also more. There is a higher chance of being directly exposed to higher radiations. According to Environmental Physicist Raimund Muscheler from the Lund University, the scariest event was the Carrington Event of 1859, which emitted 10 times more energy than the present ones. If the incidents were to happen again then the power outage could last for months damaging power grids or other electronics completely making the replacement difficult. The discovery of a number of radioactive atoms fenced in Greenland ice implies to the massive amount of proton storm that must have struck Earth in 660 B.C. The catastrophic proton storms could release carbon-14, beryllium-10, and chlorine-36 into the air, which has also been found recently.